Deflationary Rewards Model

Web3 gaming’s play-to-earn model has a hype problem. How do you reward players in a way that delivers on web3’s promise of player loyalty through ownership? How do you avoid hyperinflation and speculative bubbles to build a loyalty system based on value generation, not hype cycles?

Our solution: Web3 loyalty using deflationary rewards. We call this Deflationary Rewards.

Unite Games reward players for playing. But unlike the “play-to-earn” games of yesteryear, $UNITE is awarded based on real value contributed. When player engagement generates real revenues for the games, those players are rewarded commensurately with $UNITE.

This true incentive alignment ensures that all emissions are beneficial to the network. There is no problem with farmers or botters “exploiting” the system – if a user is earning rewards, the network is generating revenue. The microeconomics are tightened so that incentives are perfectly aligned. With Deflationary Rewards, a sybil attack turns into coordinated buying pressure for $UNITE.

From a macroeconomic perspective, Deflationary Rewards is designed to be deflationary, with built-in offsets for all reward emissions. Most reward systems are inflationary, as user reward emissions increase circulating supply. Deflationary Rewards reverses this by offsetting all user rewards with buybacks and burns. Whenever users are rewarded with $UNITE, game revenues are used to purchase an equivalent amount of tokens from public DEXs to be burned. This buy pressure and deflation will compensate for any sell pressure or inflation caused by player rewards. Players will not receive rewards unless there is sufficient revenue to perform this buyback-and-burn, ensuring that all rewards are not just sustainable, but deflationary. Whenever players receive rewards, the net circulating supply is decreased. This is the heart of Deflationary Rewards.

Reward Pools

100% of value generated from games will be used to purchase $UNITE token from the market, supporting a sustainable token economy. These tokens will be allocated to the following 3 pools.

  1. Players Reward Pool: Reward players through leaderboard and other in-game engagement. $UNITE rewards can be tradable for real world gift cards with leading brand partners.

  2. Oracle Node Pool for Unite Oracle Node Key holders.

  3. Burn Pool, creating deflationary token economy.

Web3 Cannot Copy Traditional Game Rewards

Incentive alignment is a key issue in any reward system. Player rewards should be aligned with some activity that generates value for the game ecosystem. The greater the reward, the greater the risk of misalignment. Many traditional games like MMORPGs will reward players for basic play activity such as exploring dungeons and killing monsters. This reinforces the core game loop, increasing engagement and indirectly growing revenue. While there is some mismatch between engagement and revenue here, the closed and centralized nature of traditional MMOs dampen the ability to exploit here.

Early web3 games often copied these models, substituting in their fungible token for the MMO’s database currency. However, the slight misalignment between engagement and revenue was wedged open and exploited by farmers who had very high engagement without contributing any revenue. In the open-source and decentralized world wide web3, those farmers were able to quickly extract and liquidate their earnings. Many web3 games, everything from Axie Infinity to Sunflower Land, have attempted to solve this by mimicking traditional games – keep the traditional reward systems and clamp down on withdrawals. This is costly and laborious, playing whack-a-mole with exploits.

Instead, Deflationary Rewards tackles the problem at the source – only offer users token rewards when the game actually makes revenue. By keeping the incentives aligned, any “farming” activity is simply revenue-generating activity. For example, as Unite players generate revenue with in-app purchases or by watching advertisements, those players are rewarded accordingly. If players were somehow able to bypass those ads or avoid in-app-purchases, then they would be allowed to play but not able to earn any rewards. Simple as that.

Growth and Maturity

A common criticism of early “play-to-earn” games was their dependence on user growth. Token demand was driven by new player growth rather than old player retention, as the games required a high upfront buy-in in order to play. If that flow of new players dried up then token prices would subsequently fall, even if the game maintained a stable mature playerbase. As a result, play-to-earn token prices were a leading indicator of growth, becoming hypercyclical with respect to the game’s actual popularity. The dramatic booms-and-busts that resulted are infamous.

In Deflationary Rewards, token demand is driven by the active playerbase. The buyback-and-burn associated with deflationary rewards occurs based on player activity, both new and mature. There are no front-loading or anticipatory effects to push unsustainable speculation. In steady-state, Unite games network with a mature playerbase and zero growth will still drive deflation.

Stabilizing Currency Price Effects

Deflationary Rewards’ revenue-based rewards are naturally resilient to price effects. Early play-to-earn games would usually pay out a fixed quantity of their token, regardless of its market price. If Axie’s SLP doubled in price, it would suddenly double the wage rate and encourage a sudden influx of farmers. If Axie’s SLP halvened, the wage rate would fall in half and cause a sudden exodus. This kind of volatility is harmful for the stability of a game.

In contrast, UNITE rewards are based on real USD revenue. When a player generates $1 of revenue, they earn $1 worth of UNITE. This amount is based on the price of USD, not UNITE. If the price of UNITE doubles, then the quantity of UNITE rewarded will halven, but the USD value will remain the same. This currency flexibility avoids the gold rushes and ghost towns created by fixed token payouts. Much in the same way currency effects balance international trade, encouraging imports or exports when the local currency is strong or weak, respectively, these currency effects add elasticity and resiliency to UNITE.

Last updated